TOEFL test - structure and written expression

How can I practice for TOEFL?

The computer-based TOEFL exam was introduced in 1998. It is a mixture of question types from the paper-based test and new question types.

The Computer-Based TOEFL Test has 4 sections: Listening, Structure, Reading and Writing. The listening and structure sections are "computer adaptive." This means the first question is of medium difficulty. If you answer it correctly, the next item will be of similar or greater difficulty. If you answer a question incorrectly, the next one will be easier. TOEFL is very flexible in terms of structure. The length of each section and the time allocated varies. At the beginning of the section, the length and the number of questions is given.

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Section 2: Structure and Written Expression

This section of the TOEFL test measures your ability to recognise grammar and language that is appropriate for standard written English. It does not have a fixed number of questions, as the number of questions you are given depends on the number of your correct answer. However, in total there are about 20-25 questions and the time allowed is between 15-20 minutes. There are two types of questions in this section and the two types of questions alternate.

The first type of questions consists of incomplete sentences - "fill in the blank" grammar questions. Beneath each sentence are four words or phrases. You will choose the one word or phrase that best completes the sentence.

The second type of question has four underlined words or phrases - "identify the error " questions. You choose the one underlined word or phrase that must be changed for the sentence to be correct.

The language tested is formal, rather than conversational English. The topics of the sentences are associated with academic discourse. As all our ESL lessons are based on topical news stories, they make excellent TOEFL practice materials. We have many different types of online grammar exercises that give you instant feedback to help you prepare for TOEFL.

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Abbreviations on
ESL = English as a second language
TESL = teaching English as a second language
NESB = Non-English speaking background
EFL = English as a foreign language
TEFL = Teaching English as a foreign language
TESOL = Teaching English to speakers of other languages
FCE = Cambridge University First Certificate English
TOEIC = Test of English for International Communication
IELTS = The International English Language Testing System
TOEFL = Test of English as a foreign language
CALL = Computer assisted language learning

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